Graduate Courses - Fall 2013
ANT 500-00P Proseminar in Anthropology
M 10:00 – 1:00
Anthropology 500 provides a graduate survey of the field of Anthropology, especially as practiced here at Emory University. We begin with a brief introduction to some of the debates and issues surrounding the analytical scope, theories, and methods of the field of Anthropology. The bulk of the semester will be spent exploring how these wide ranging approaches to Anthropology, epistemology, methodology, theory, and inter-disciplinarity are reflected, translated, and applied in Anthropological research. These engagements with Anthropological scholarship will be enacted in several forms: (1) a pro-seminar, in which various faculty members of the Emory Anthropology Department visit the class to present and discuss their ‘sub-field’ of anthropology and their own scholarly research; (2) weekly précis papers summarizing a selected text from the assigned readings; (3) individual research projects (annotated bibliographies as well as a more integrative ‘review essay’) engaging a range of theories and methodological approaches within their chosen area of scholarship. Students are also strongly encouraged to attend scholarly presentations sponsored within the department as well as related campus talks, seminars and workshops as they arise over the course of the semester.
ANT 504-00P Agrarian Transformation
TTh 10:00 – 11:15
Cultural anthropology for over fifty years has explored dimensions of global and local transformation in agricultural societies—from small tribal groups to hydraulic empires. Exploration of this ethnographically-rich legacy will ground us in cases from around the world, shedding light on anthropology’s contributions to critical issues of our time such as globalization and resistance, environmental degradation and ecological adaptations, population growth, changing patterns and implications of stratification, proletarianization and new forms of labor force participation, gendered shifts in wealth and power, new patterns of consumption, and critical perspectives on development and modernity. This course will use classic and newer ethnographic and theoretical works to dialogue between past work in the field and current dilemmas of sustainability, global inequalities, bioregionalism and place-based development solutions, and competing visions of 21st-century food systems. The course will include attention to gendered analysis, household decision-making strategies, and methodological issues of ethnography; it will be useful for students preparing to do research in agrarian societies from a range of perspectives as well as students who want a stronger grounding in economic, environmental, development, and sustainability studies. Students will have an opportunity to pursue a research project related to their own interests.
Readings: Many issues will be explored in articles or book chapters, but in addition we will read:
Frederick Barth, Nomads of South Persia: The Basseri Tribe of the Khamseh Confederacy. Waveland
Esther Boserup, The Conditions of Agricultural Growth: The Economies of Agrarian Change under Population Pressure.
Robert McC. Netting, Smallholders, Householders: Farm Families and the Ecology of Intensive, Sustainable Agriculture. Stanford.
J. Stephen Lansing, Priests and Programmers: Technologies of Power in the Engineered Landscape of Bali. Princeton
Peggy Barlett, Agrarian Dreams, Rural Realities: Family Farms in Crisis. North Carolina
Steve Striffler, Chicken: The Dangerous Transformations of America’s Favorite Food. Yale
Saturnino Borras, Marc Edelman, and Cristobal Kay, Transnational Agrarian Movements. Wiley/Blackwell
Particulars: Oral and written demonstration of understanding of course materials and creative use of those materials in periodic reflection pages, two integrative essays, and a major research paper engaging course materials with an ethnographic problem or region of student’s choice.
ANT 585-00P Special Topics: Anthropology of Human Health
Th 4:30 – 7:00
Once a week, this course meets together with a two-credit Rollins School of Public Health class entitled “Anthropological Perspectives on Global Health” (GH 557). It is combination of discussion and some lecture on the biocultural and cultural analysis to five global health areas: infectious disease; nutrition (under nutrition and obesity); reproductive health; and community health; and global health policy. The focus is on low and middle income countries and a major theme goal is for PH students to understand that every global health intervention entails a cross-cultural interaction. The lesson, therefore, is that successful PH practitioners must be reflexively cognizant of their own culture. Most readings for this part of the course are article-length ethnographic case studies. Student valuation is based upon biweekly homework exercises, a book review and two essay tests. In Fall 2013 this part of the course will be 3:00-4:50 on Wednesdays (Grace Crum Rollins building P39). RSPH students in the class usually come from all departments of the school; Anthropology graduate students will benefit from interactions with MPH students who have a more applied orientation.
The second part of the course is a culturally-oriented seminar in Medical Anthropology that focuses on the cultural history of global public health and ethnographic monographs of public health programs or problems. At the beginning of the semester, students in this part of the course help select possible books based on their particular interests. Students help lead class discussions. Some selected books or dissertations usually chosen have been written by Emory Anthropology alumni. Generally, this part of the course does not emphasize biocultural approaches or studies of Biomedicine. Topics usually include: cultural history of colonial medicine and international health; population programs; disease-specific programs (polio, malaria); women’s health; complex humanitarian emergencies. However, readings are not geographically limited because the field of global health also includes high income countries. Evaluation of students is based on class participation (including some reaction postings), and a relatively short individualized writing project. Depending on student schedules, the seminar usually meets every other week for three hours (in Fall 2013, either Tuesday or Thursday 4-6:30). ***Anthropology graduate students may enroll in the reading seminar only as a directed readings course.
ANT 585-01P Special Topics: Anthropology of Tourism
W 1:00 – 4:00
Why do we travel? What does it mean to be a tourist, or a traveler? How does travel shape the tourist’s identity, and what are its effects on the peoples and places visited? When is tourism “sustainable” and how does tourism work (or fail) as a form of development?
The central focus of this seminar will be on how and why it is vital to understand travel and tourism as core features of global modernity beginning with an examination of the subjectivity of the tourist in order to interrogate the significance of travel in forming particular Western notions of authenticity, experience, power, and civilization. Throughout these texts, we will explore the role of travel in constructing dominant Western ideas about “other” people and places, and how these beliefs, in turn, continue to permeate contemporary conflicts and discussions about race, ethnicity, and gender as forms of difference. Readings will include key theoretical and empirical studies of travel and alterity, ethnographies of tourism and its local economic effects, as well as the politics of travel. We will interrogate contemporary debates on authenticity, heritage, cultural commodification, nation-building, and economic exploitation that reveal the depth and extent to which tourism has penetrated social lives around the world. Ultimately, we will be challenged to understand the inequalities of wealth and gender that mark many tourism destinations, and we will examine contemporary non-Western tourism practices as a way to rethink the very nature of leisure travel itself. Students will be strongly encouraged to suggest additional readings and themes related to their own research projects.
ANT 585-000 Special Topics: Globalization and Development
M 1:00 – 4:00
Cross-listed with WGS
For many social critics "globalization" is a signpost of “late-capitalism” or "neoliberalism" with the rise of multinational corporations, mass consumption and the multidirectional flows of capital, labor, media, communication, and ideologies across national borders. Feminist analyses of globalization and the gendered and sexualized permutations of these phenomena offer a critical stance for theorizing these processes, and for studying their complex articulations across time and space. This seminar will examine diverse manifestations and sites of globalization (migration, tourism, labor, consumption, media/internet communication, sexual commerce, and the circulation of social movements like feminism(s) through the lens of gender and feminist analysis. In so doing, we will raise questions about the relationships between theory, epistemology and method as they pertain to contemporary globalization. The goals of the course are twofold: to analyze the gendered forces and enactments of globalization as they are currently unfolding across the world, and to explore a range of epistemologies with which contemporary scholars are attempting to interpret these phenomena. We will examine how globalization works in and through relations of gender, sexuality, class, and race, and analyze feminist and interdisciplinary efforts to unearth and explain these processes. Globalization serves as a prism through which we will explore social, cultural, political and economic dimensions of contemporary life and some of the advances, gaps, convergences, and puzzles in developing a feminist analytics.
ANT 585-001 Special Topics: New Paradigms, Old Trends in Latin America
T 1:00 – 4:00
Cross-listed with HIST, ILA
This course takes on the 500-year sweep of Latin American History with an eye to regional themes and national/local case studies. Students engage with conventional geographic and chronological frameworks for understanding and teaching Latin American history, as well as with canonical texts that have shaped the field. At the same time, students are asked to challenge dominant paradigms by asking “is Latin America a region?”; “when does the colonial era end?”; “where are the boundaries among History, Literature, and Anthropology”? While we require this course (which is repeatable) of all Ph.D. candidates in Latin American History in their first and third semesters, we encourage students across a range of disciplines and geographic specializations to register. Students will gain familiarity with what are considered to be the major chronological moments and formative events in the region. Analytical concerns generally revolve around the relationship between methodology and empirical conclusions, and how scholars’ shifting intellectual and political agendas have led them to integrate different disciplinary approaches into the study of history.
ANT 585-002 Special Topics: Un-archived Histories
TH 1:00 – 4:00
Cross-listed with HIST, MESAS
The title of this course does not refer to histories for which there is no archive. It refers rather to histories and social interactions that have been un-archived – or dis-qualified – in the process of archiving particular aspects of the human past and present as history. The course is intended as an investigation of the extensive domain of the unarchived – that is to say, histories, ethnographies, and more generally ‘knowledge’ that has been disenfranchised.
In Foucauldian terms, the archive authorizes what may be said, laying down the rules of the “sayable”, negating (making inaudible and illegible) much that comes to be classified as “non- sense”, gibberish, madness, and is dispatched therefore to a domain outside agential, rational history, politics and social understanding. In this process of selecting, framing and authorizing, as even the most hard-boiled of traditional historians and social scientists will acknowledge, every archive necessarily excludes a great deal that is not of direct interest to its custodians.
The archive, as a site of remembrance – doing the work of remembering – is also at the same time a project of forgetting. The very process of archiving is accompanied by a process of un- archiving, rendering many aspects of social, cultural, political relations in the past and the present as incidental, chaotic, trivial, and therefore unhistorical and inconsequential. What are the implications for our constructions of the past – and the present? And for the objects of inquiry we construct, and the methodologies we accept, in pursuance of greater social scientific and historical understanding?
The seminar will investigate these questions on the basis of texts from a variety of disciplines and from people writing on several different parts of the world, as well as through discussion of the ongoing or proposed research projects of those enrolled in the course. We will begin by reading a couple of introductory texts, which lay out the range and parameters of the debate on unarchived histories: Dipesh Chakrabarty’s Provincializing Europe, and a forthcoming anthology edited by me, entitled Unarchived Histories: the “Mad” and the “Trifling”. Following this, we shall take up a set of paired texts, in which the authors deal with the same moment of historical or political struggle in radically different ways. Eric Hobsbawm and Ranajit Guha on peasant revolts; E. P. Thompson and Carolyn Steedman on the English working class; selections from Leslie Harris, Natasha Tretheway and Gyan Pandey on the history and memory of lower-class and lower-caste struggles; Mariane Ferme and Achhille Mbembe on the politics of independent African states, are possible examples.
ANT 585-02P Special Topics: Making Ethnographic Documentary
T 9:30 – 12:30
Cross-listed with ILA
This course offers students an opportunity to explore the creative possibilities of video filmmaking as an integral part of intellectual inquiry. Drawing on examples of practice (including the students’ own), we will assess the different ways that the camera might be used in ethnographic research. Over the course of the semester, students will develop a number of small-scale video projects as a means for developing the technical, methodological and conceptual skills required in visual scholarship.
ANT585 Special Topics in History: Global Migrations and Local Diasporas
T 9:00 - 12:00
Cross-listed with HIST, ILA
“Global Migrations and Local Diasporas” is designed to introduce the key themes and issues in the constantly shifting fields of im/migration and diaspora studies. We will look at a range of case studies from different parts of the world, all done using variety of methodological approaches.
The course is primarily concerned with interactions among and within the various movements of people who migrate. The course covers the histories of those who migrated voluntarily, those who arrived in bondage, and those who migrated under other forms of duress. Who came, and why did they leave their native countries? How did newcomers respond to the unfamiliar environment in which they suddenly found themselves? To what extent did the immigrants and their offspring become part of the “mainstream?” Which pre-migratory practices and values ‐ if any ‐ survived and why? How do we understand the interplay between changing ideas of nationality and culture?
GMLD also will introduce students to producing work in digital formats via a group collaborative final project. Among the skills that might be learned are photography, oral history, census data analysis, mapping, GIS, and video editing.