Graduate Courses - Spring 2016
ANT 503-000  Evolutionary Processes
This course aims to situate the study of human adaptation and evolution within the broader theoretical framework of evolutionary biology. We will cover core issues including genetics, phylogenetics, natural selection, sexual selection, behavioral ecology, life history evolution, the evolution of development, and gene-culture coevolution using examples drawn from both ancient and recent human evolution.
ANT 510-000  Medical Anthropology
Chikako Ozawa-de Silva
This course is designed as an introduction to medical anthropology. The course is organized thematically and examines some of the important issues in contemporary medical anthropology, including: Illness, disease and sickness; illness as metaphor of socio-cultural distress; the process of medicalization; current paradigm shift in biomedicine; culture-bound syndromes; “naturalizing” processes; contestation for medical legitimacy in plural societies; non-western medical systems; body and mind in illness and healing; cross-cultural psychiatric anthropology; infectious disease and inequality; power/knowledge and medical practices; and ambiguity in death and dying in the era of high technology. This course will explore the role of medicine in our society, how anthropological analysis can be applicable in understanding the complexity of human conditions such as health, illness and sickness, physical and mental pain, suffering, death and dying.
Texts (Required and Suggested):
Anne Fadiman, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down
Peter J. Brown, Understanding and Applying Medical Anthropology
Arthur Kleinman, Illness Narratives
Margaret Lock, Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death
Susan Sontag, Illness as metaphor and AIDS and its Metaphors
Daniel Moerman, Meaning, Medicine and the “Placebo Effect”
Michel Foucault, The Birth of the Clinic
Nancy Scheper-Hughes, Death Without Weeping
Daniel Goleman, Destructive Emotions
Chikako Ozawa-de Silva, Psychotherapy and Religion in Japan
Carolyn F. Sargent and Thomas M. Johnson, Medical Anthropology
Byron Good, Medicine, Rationality, and Experience
Paul Farmer, Infections and Inequality
Tanya Luhrmann, Of Two Minds
Requirements include class presentations, weekly response papers, a mid-term paper, and a final paper.
ANT 555R-000  Research Seminar in Biological Anthropology
Required for First-year through Third-year Biological Anthropology Students
ANT 585-000  Heritage & Power
In the wake of recent clashes between China and Japan over the inclusion of documents about the Nanjing Massacre into UNESCO’s “International Memory of the World” register and of news from Syria on the destruction of monuments in Palmyra by ISIS militants, there is a renewed urgency to reconceptualize heritage, its politics, and its power. After all, UNESCO World Heritage designation and similar domestic categories remain vital for global tourism industries, local entrepreneurs, and nationalist sentiments. This seminar will approach heritage and the intersecting vectors of power and authority that renders heritage so desirable and dangerous by addressing three categories: land, things, and bodies. Land and landscapes constitute one of the most fundamental sites of political authority based on notions of cultural belonging and historical presence. Things, from materials to monuments, are often the most recognizable objects of cultural heritage, and thus the first to be destroyed, removed, stolen, and sold. Bodies, in both the sense of the embodiment of cultural knowledge and the physiological, frequently racialized body, play a central role in the formation and politicization of collective memory and the denial of minority and marginalized experiences. The aim of this seminar is to build a critical language and theoretical framework for understanding the power of heritage in contemporary global politics and the history of the idea of heritage itself, with a particular focus how discourses of racialized, ethnic, and sociocultural differences elide with what is nowadays referred to as “heritage.” Readings will explore the politics of recognition, discourses of multiculturalism, war and heritage sites, the materiality of memory and historical trauma, as well as Indigenous biopolitics.
Required Books (subject to change):
Lowenthal, David. 2015. The Past is a Foreign Country – Revisited. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2nd Edition).
Mitchell, WJT, eds. 2002. Landscape and Power. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (2nd Edition).
Nelson, Robert S. and Margaret Olin. 2004. Monuments and Memory, Made and Unmade. Chicago:University of Chicago Press.
Povinelli, Elizabeth. 2002. The Cunning of Recognition: Indigenous Alterities and Australian Multiculturalism. Durham: Duke University Press.
Ricoer, Paul. 2006. Memory, History, Forgetting. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (Paperback edition).
Sion, Brigitte. 2014. Death Tourism: Disaster Sites as Recreational Landscapes. Seagull Press.
Stoler, Ann, ed. 2013. Imperial Debris: On Ruins and Ruination. Durham: Duke University Press.
TallBear, Kim. 2013. Native American DNA: Tribal Belonging and the False Promise of Genetic Science. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Recommended Books (subject to change):
Halbwachs, Maurice. 1992. On Collective Memory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Schama, Simon. 1996. Landscape and Memory. Vintage Books.
Smith, Laurajane. 2006. Uses of Heritage. London: Routledge.
ANT 585-001  Theory & Ethnography in the New Millennium
This course examines trends in ethnography and socio-cultural theory since the turn of the new millennium. We will focus both on the new directions that anthropologists are endeavoring to map out as well as the (obvious and not so obvious) continuities with respect to the theory and practice of fieldwork and the anthropological enterprise more generally since the latter part of the 20th century.
One of our points of departure will be the two-fold argument that, for a variety of reasons having to do mostly with the nature of the current world order, “fieldwork is not what it used to be”; and that new modes of engagement with our interlocutors in the (variously defined) “field” are therefore both necessary and desirable. Course readings will focus on book-length ethnographies that, taken collectively, demonstrate an important range of contemporary engagements with themes addressed by foundational theorists such as Weber, Gramsci, Foucault, and Bourdieu. Topics to be explored include different understandings of “engaged anthropology”; different approaches to understanding and writing about the ways in which variably gendered and sexed subjects are embodied; and the contributions that anthropology can make to our understanding of contemporary societies and cultures in relation to processes of modernity and neoliberal globalization. More generally, one of the objectives of the course is to help students develop an understanding of anthropology’s relevance in the new millennium.
Course Requirements and Evaluations: The success of this seminar depends on the commitments and contributions of all its members. Twenty to twenty-five percent of your grade will be based on the quality of your class participation. The remainder of your grade will be based on your written work, which will consist of periodic “response papers” (2-3 pgs. each; once every few weeks) and a (15-18 page) term paper, which may focus on assigned readings or on other subjects of interest to you.
ANT 585-002  Anthropological Approaches to Population Issues
Anthropology is, in many ways, the study of populations: how they are defined; how they increase, decrease, and distribute themselves across landscapes; why they move, settle down; and how they interact with and differentiate themselves from other populations. The study of populations also invites us to examine the costs and benefits of living with others, to explore how resources are distributed within and between populations, and to analyze the causes and consequences of differing group configurations and compositions. In this seminar-style course we take population as our central theme and study how anthropologists have approached the issues noted above, as well as others such as conflict, cooperation, and culture. Our usual approach will be to read a classic theory paper(s) and then look to see how people have confronted these theoretical ideas with data and how that, in turn, might advance anthropological theory. Our aim as a community of scholars will be to survey the field; to identify key research questions and hypotheses; to identify how theory and data smash up against one another; and to focus on the evidence that has been brought forth to support claims. Our focus will be neither exclusively biological nor cultural, but we will focus exclusively on research that has taken a systematic, scientific approach to answer population-related questions.
ANT 585-003  Global Mental Health: Anthropological Perspectives (1 credit)
The past decade has seen rapid growth in research, intervention, and funding for global mental health. Leading researchers and practitioners have demanded that national and international political leaders provide commensurate financial and human resources in order to make an impact on mental health problems in resource-constrained settings. Such advocacy efforts have produced clear results as measured by the emergence of scholarship, pilot programs, and policies dedicated to elevating mental health care. Recent measures of the global burden of diverse health problems have shown that poor mental health is a major cause of disability in many different societies.
Emory alumni have made significant contributions to the field of global mental health, both inside and outside of academia. The edited volume Global Mental Health: Anthropological Perspectives, Edited by alumni Brandon Kohrt (MD, PhD) and Emily Mendenhall (PhD, MPH) published by Left Coast Press in 2015, is a product of such Emory-connected collaboration. The volume, which includes 10 alumni authors, considers the topics of social determinants of mental illness, treatment approaches, and alternative care models; it emphasizes current avenues of engagement in each of these areas.
Participants in the course will discuss the chapters of that volume as well as selections of books like Crazy Like Us (E, Watters, 2011), World Mental Health (D Desjarlais et al, 1994), Where There Is No Psychiatrist (V. Patel, 2003) Global Mental Health: Principles and Practice (V. Patel et al, 2013) as well as journal articles. We will invite a number of Emory researchers interested in the topic to join some class sessions. Most reading selections and reading topics will be chosen by the seminar members themselves. There are no writing assignments, final course grades are based solely on prepared participation.
The culmination of the course will be participation in the Emory Global Mental Health symposium on April 29-30, 2016. Attendance at the symposium is mandatory; a key question for the symposium will be: how can we more systematically and effectively incorporate anthropological theory and methods into global mental health and health systems research? Many of the authors of the Global Mental Health volume will be coming to the symposium.
Students from all parts of the University, including RSPH and advanced undergraduate students, are welcome to enroll. Interest in the subject, rather than background in Anthropology, is most important.
ANT 797R Directed Study
ANT 798R Advanced Research